Monthly Archives: October 2013

Can follow-up examination of tuberculosis patients be simplified?

In India, where nearly 1.5 million tuberculosis (TB) patients a year are reported by the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP), each patient undergoes two sputum smear examinations as follow-up on at least three occasions while on treatment to assess response to therapy.

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Environmental predictors of seasonal influenza epidemics across temperate and tropical climates

Influenza exerts a significant health burden on human populations across temperate, subtropical and tropical regions [1]. The striking seasonal pattern that characterizes influenza in temperate populations has long suggested a causal link between seasonal fluctuations in climatic and social factors and influenza transmission [2]–[4]. Temperate regions of the northern and southern hemispheres are characterized by highly synchronized annual influenza epidemics during their respective winter months

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Carriage of Mycoplasma pneumoniae in the upper respiratory tract of symptomatic and asymptomatic children

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is considered a major cause of upper and lower respiratory tract infections (RTIs) and respiratory tract disease (RTD) in humans, and particularly in children. Over one-third of the childhood cases of community-acquired pneumonia that require hospitalization are thought to be caused by M. pneumoniae

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The role of the patient in healthcare quality

Healthcare is changing rapidly, and so is the need for continuous improvement in healthcare quality. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the six domains of quality interventions are: Leadership, Information, Regulation & Standards, Organizational Capacity, Models of Care, and Patient & Population Engagement.1 Maintaining quality has been linked to… 

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Scrub typhus meningitis in South India

Scrub typhus is an acute febrile illness caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, and is characterized by an eschar, lymphadenopathy, multisystem involvement and a rapid response to doxycycline. Scrub typhus is seen in all terrains of the tsutsugamushi triangle, a geographical region of south and east Asia and the southwest Pacific and is related mostly to agricultural activities

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Neuroimmunological blood brain barrier opening in experimental cerebral malaria

Human cerebral malaria (HCM) is a serious neurological complication that occurs in about 1% of P. falciparum infections. Although the proportion of patients that develop HCM is relatively small, the total death toll in children under 5 years of age is still unacceptably high [1]–[4]. Even with optimal medical care, the mortality rate in comatose pediatric patients is 15–20%.

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In The News: October 15, 2013

Below are links to recent news articles of interest to the medical community in India. Please share your comments below!

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