Monthly Archives: July 2012

Vasopressin investigated as potential rescue therapy in critically ill children

Vasopressin, a synthesized peptide hormone, is emerging as a potentially major advancement in the management of critically ill children. If future and ongoing clinical trials support its efficacy and safety in the pediatric population, vasopressin could be used as rescue therapy in children with refractory shock and cardiac arrest, with… 

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Posted in Pediatrics, Pharmacotherapy, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Physical interventions better than sucrose at relieving pain from infant immunizations

Oral sucrose reduces pain from infant immunizations, but the 5 S’s (swaddling, side/stomach position, shushing, swinging, and sucking) is more effective, according to a study published in the journal Pediatrics. Key Point: Pain scores and other signs of discomfort in infants receiving immunizations were lower in those treated with the… 

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Posted in Pediatrics, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

More studies needed before recommending vitamin D for hypertensive patients

Experimental animal and epidemiological studies have clearly shown an association between low levels of vitamin D and hypertension. However, there is not enough evidence to support recommending vitamin D to hypertensive patients to reduce blood pressure, according to a recently published review. “There are a few reports demonstrating the beneficial… 

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Posted in Hypertension, Non-Communicable Disease, Nutrition, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Type 2 diabetes treated with insulin increases lung cancer risk in postmenopausal women

Postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes that requires treatment with insulin demonstrated an increased risk for developing lung cancer, according to an analysis of the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) study. “Physicians in India should screen diabetes patients, especially women, for lung cancer, particularly those on insulin therapy.” -Vijay Viswanathan, MD,… 

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Posted in Diabetes, Non-Communicable Disease Featured 2, Oncology, Pharmacology, Primary Care, Women's Health | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Diabetic neuropathy may be linked to metabolic risk factors

Neuropathy is a common, disabling complication of diabetes, and its incidence in India is growing as the prevalence of diabetes—especially type 2 diabetes—continues to rise nationally. India has the world’s largest diabetic population, with an estimated 62 million people diagnosed with the condition, according to the Indian Council of Medical… 

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Posted in Diabetes, Neurology, Pharmacology, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Pediatric multidrug-resistant tuberculosis gets more attention

Due to difficulties in establishing accurate diagnoses and lower priorities assigned by tuberculosis (TB) control programs, pediatric TB has been relatively neglected. Treatment delays lead to the progression of disease, increased risk of infectiousness, greater complications, and higher rates of morbidity and death. “The key learnings identified from this study… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Pediatrics, Pharmacology, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Age-based coronary artery disease study supports the case for Indian-specific lipid management guidelines

coronary artery disease

Researchers in Northern India have found that patients ≤45 years diagnosed with coronary artery disease (CAD) have higher lipid levels than CAD patients aged 55 to 75 years, according to a recently published study. “Our study reconfirms that the mean lipid levels in North Indian patients inflicted with CAD are… 

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Posted in Cardiovascular, Cardiovascular Disease, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment