Monthly Archives: July 2012

Adequate folic acid and vitamin B12 intake could help reduce vascular disease risk in Indian patients

Elevated plasma homocysteine levels (hyperhomocysteinemia) are increasingly considered to be an important marker for cardiovascular disease (CVD), especially in Indians. The relevance of this finding is highlighted by reports that suggest mortality attributable to CVD is rising in India—and is expected to continue to rise—by 103% in men and by… 

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Posted in Cardiovascular, Nutrition, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Exenatide better than glimepiride as second option after metformin in type 2 diabetes

mdCurrent Conference Report: 72nd Annual Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association A recent study found that adding exenatide twice daily is superior to glimepiride once daily to achieve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes who can’t achieve control on metformin. “These results are important because they highlight… 

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Pistachios may reduce blood pressure in patients with dyslipidemia

Nut consumption is associated with significant reductions in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and mortality. Now, a recent study has found that a diet containing 1 serving per day of pistachios reduced systolic blood pressure by an average of 4.8 mmHg compared with a control diet. Furthermore, 2 servings of pistachios… 

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Insulin has neutral effect on cardiovascular disease, cancer when used early in type 2 diabetes

mdCurrent Conference Report: 72nd Annual Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association Basal insulin in patients with prediabetes or newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes has no effect on cardiovascular disease events over a median follow-up of 6.2 years, according to a recent study. An estimated 62 million people nationwide are… 

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Immunization gaps must be addressed to prevent congenital rubella syndrome

While rubella is a mild disease, if a pregnant woman contracts it the fetus could develop congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), which can cause blindness, deafness, mental handicap, and other problems. Immunization of the mother before she becomes pregnant can eliminate this risk. A systematic review published in Indian Pediatrics found… 

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Posted in Infectious Disease, Ob/Gyn, Pediatrics, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | Leave a comment

Dietary practices during childhood illnesses lead to nutritional restrictions

The beliefs, knowledge, and attitude of Indian caregivers toward dietary practices during childhood illnesses lead to nutritional restrictions, according to a recently published study. In India, 43% of children aged 5 years and under are malnourished or undernourished. In fact, a child with grade I or II malnutrition may appear… 

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Posted in Nutrition, Pediatrics, Primary Care | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Volume: | 2 Responses

Study highlights public health, economic impact of food-borne trematodiases

Food-borne trematodiases are an important cluster of neglected tropical diseases, a recent study found. Many knowledge gaps exist about trematodiases, which are caused by liver, lung, and internal parasitic fluke (worm) infections that cause inflammatory lesions and damage the target organs. “Our results call for new efforts to control and… 

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